England won the tie 3-1 on aggregate, despite a late goal by Alex Oxlade-Chamberlain that allowed Scotland to draw 1-1 at Hampden Park.
England scored the first goal in the first half and it was the first time Scotland had scored in the second half since December 2014.
The win sees England top Group A with two games remaining against the Czech Republic and Belarus.
England have a bye in the next round of qualifying.
Here’s a look at what you need to know about the match… England had started brightly when Oxlide-Chamaele was booked in the 12th minute for a lunge on Tom Heaton, who was then taken off in the 46th minute.
Oxlades second yellow card came after his tackle on Heaton midway through the second period, but he was not shown a second yellow.
After a strong first half in which England scored six goals in five games, Scotland started the second with a flurry of shots, including two by Oxlady, one on his own goal and two on the run from inside the penalty area.
Oxlades only goal came after he was brought down inside the box by Heaton on his way to put Scotland up 2-1 in the 53rd minute.
The ball was caught at the top of the box and it looked as though Oxl’s attempt would be a shot from distance but it went wide of Heaton’s left-hand post.
It was not to be as Scotland had another great opportunity to equalise in the 65th minute when the ball came to them and Oxlides cross hit the crossbar.
England went on to score four more goals in the game.
The second goal came in the 71st minute when Oxo hit the post from inside his own penalty area, before another goal from Oxl.
Scottish keeper Chris Brunt, who has been outstanding all season, was called into action again in the 73rd minute, keeping out Oxl from close range.
Scotland were awarded a penalty after a corner was handled by Heatson but the penalty was disallowed, with Brunt allowed to shoot.
A goal-bound effort from Oxi ended up in the net in the 81st minute.
On the stroke of half-time, Oxl was booked for a challenge on Heatons centre-back, who is now out of action with a hamstring injury.
Olivier Giroud was Scotland’s hero, scoring the only goal in a thrilling 3-0 win over England.
FIFA will have its first look at the game on Saturday.